It’s most commonly used to deal with anxiety and anxiety, however can be useful for other mental and physical health problems.
How CBT works.
CBT is based on the concept that your ideas, feelings, physical experiences and actions are adjoined, which negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious circle.
CBT aims to assist you handle overwhelming problems in a more favorable way by breaking them down into smaller sized parts.
You’re shown how to alter these unfavorable patterns to improve the method you feel.
Unlike some other talking treatments, CBT handles your existing issues, instead of focusing on issues from your past.
It searches for useful ways to improve your frame of mind on a daily basis.
Uses for CBT.
CBT has actually been shown to be an efficient method of dealing with a number of various psychological health conditions.
In addition to anxiety or anxiety conditions, CBT can also assist people with:.
- bipolar illness.
- borderline personality disorder.
- eating disorders– such as anorexia and bulimia.
- obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
- panic attack.
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
- sleep issues– such as insomnia.
- issues associated with alcohol misuse.
CBT is likewise sometimes utilized to deal with people with long-lasting health conditions, such as:.
- irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
- chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).
Although CBT can not treat the physical symptoms of these conditions, it can help people cope much better with their symptoms.
What happens throughout CBT sessions.
If CBT is advised, you’ll generally have a session with a therapist once a week or when every 2 weeks.
The course of treatment generally lasts for between 5 and 20 sessions, with each session lasting 30 to 60 minutes.
During the sessions, you’ll deal with your therapist to break down your issues into their separate parts, such as your ideas, physical feelings and actions.
You and your therapist will analyse these areas to work out if they’re unrealistic or unhelpful, and to figure out the impact they have on each other and on you.
Your therapist will then have the ability to assist you exercise how to alter unhelpful ideas and behaviours.
After exercising what you can change, your therapist will ask you to practice these modifications in your daily life and you’ll talk about how you got on throughout the next session.
The ultimate aim of therapy is to teach you to apply the abilities you have actually found out throughout treatment to your every day life.
This need to assist you manage your issues and stop them having a negative effect on your life, even after your course of treatment finishes.
Pros and cons of CBT.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be as effective as medication in dealing with some mental health issue, however it may not be ideal or successful for everyone.
Some of the benefits of CBT consist of:.
- it might be practical in cases where medication alone has not worked.
- it can be finished in a fairly short time period compared with other talking therapies.
- the extremely structured nature of CBT implies it can be offered in various formats, including in groups, self-help books and apps (you can discover mental health apps and tools in the NHS apps library).
- it teaches you practical and useful strategies that can be utilized in everyday life, even after the treatment has completed.
A few of the disadvantages of CBT to think about consist of:.
- you require to dedicate yourself to the process to get the most from it– a therapist can help and recommend you, however they require your co-operation.
- participating in routine CBT sessions and carrying out any additional work in between sessions can use up a lot of your time.
- it may not appropriate for people with more complex psychological health needs or discovering troubles, as it needs structured sessions.
- it involves challenging your stress and anxieties and feelings– you might experience preliminary periods where you’re anxious or emotionally uncomfortable.
- it concentrates on the individual’s capability to alter themselves (their ideas, behaviours and sensations)– this does not resolve any broader problems in systems or families that often have a considerable impact on someone’s health and wellness.
Some critics likewise argue that because CBT just focuses and attends to existing issues on particular concerns, it does not address the possible underlying causes of mental health conditions, such as an unhappy childhood.
How to find a CBT therapist.
You can get psychological treatments, including CBT, on the NHS.
You can refer yourself straight to an NHS psychological therapies service (IAPT) without a recommendation from a GP.
Discover an NHS psychological treatments service (IAPT).
Or your GP can refer you if you prefer.
You can pick to pay for your therapy privately if you can manage it. The expense of private therapy sessions differs, but it’s normally ₤ 40 to ₤ 100 per session.
The British Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP) keeps a register of all recognized therapists in the UK and The British Psychological Society (BPS) has a directory of chartered psychologists, some of whom specialise in CBT.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Online therapy
- CBT for OCD
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy children
- Therapy depression
- Marriage counselling
- Contact us