Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by altering the method you behave and think.
It’s most frequently utilized to treat anxiety and depression, but can be useful for other mental and physical health problems.
How CBT works.
CBT is based upon the concept that your thoughts, sensations, physical experiences and actions are adjoined, which negative thoughts and sensations can trap you in a vicious circle.
CBT aims to help you deal with overwhelming problems in a more positive method by breaking them down into smaller parts.
You’re shown how to alter these negative patterns to enhance the way you feel.
Unlike some other talking treatments, CBT deals with your current issues, instead of concentrating on issues from your past.
It looks for practical methods to improve your state of mind on a daily basis.
Uses for CBT.
CBT has been shown to be an effective method of dealing with a variety of various psychological health conditions.
In addition to anxiety or anxiety disorders, CBT can also assist individuals with:.
- bipolar illness.
- borderline personality disorder.
- eating disorders– such as anorexia and bulimia.
- obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
- panic attack.
- trauma (PTSD).
- sleep issues– such as sleeping disorders.
- problems related to alcohol abuse.
CBT is also sometimes used to treat individuals with long-lasting health conditions, such as:.
- irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
- fatigue syndrome (CFS).
CBT can not cure the physical signs of these conditions, it can assist individuals cope much better with their symptoms.
What takes place during CBT sessions.
If CBT is suggested, you’ll normally have a session with a therapist as soon as a week or once every 2 weeks.
The course of treatment generally lasts for between 5 and 20 sessions, with each session enduring 30 to 60 minutes.
During the sessions, you’ll deal with your therapist to break down your issues into their separate parts, such as your thoughts, physical sensations and actions.
You and your therapist will evaluate these areas to work out if they’re unhelpful or unrealistic, and to figure out the effect they have on each other and on you.
Your therapist will then have the ability to assist you exercise how to change unhelpful ideas and behaviours.
After exercising what you can change, your therapist will ask you to practice these changes in your daily life and you’ll talk about how you got on throughout the next session.
The ultimate goal of therapy is to teach you to use the abilities you have discovered throughout treatment to your life.
This must help you manage your problems and stop them having an unfavorable effect on your life, even after your course of treatment finishes.
Pros and cons of CBT.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be as efficient as medicine in dealing with some psychological health problems, however it might not be suitable or effective for everybody.
Some of the advantages of CBT include:.
- it might be useful in cases where medication alone has not worked.
- it can be completed in a relatively brief amount of time compared with other talking therapies.
- the highly structured nature of CBT implies it can be provided in various formats, consisting of in groups, self-help books and apps (you can find mental health apps and tools in the NHS apps library).
- it teaches you practical and beneficial methods that can be utilized in daily life, even after the treatment has completed.
A few of the drawbacks of CBT to think about consist of:.
- you need to dedicate yourself to the procedure to get the most from it– a therapist can help and advise you, but they need your co-operation.
- going to regular CBT sessions and carrying out any additional work between sessions can take up a great deal of your time.
- it may not appropriate for people with more complex mental health needs or discovering problems, as it needs structured sessions.
- it includes confronting your feelings and stress and anxieties– you might experience initial periods where you’re emotionally unpleasant or anxious.
- it focuses on the individual’s capability to alter themselves (their sensations, thoughts and behaviours)– this does not address any larger issues in systems or families that typically have a substantial impact on someone’s health and wellness.
Some critics likewise argue that due to the fact that CBT only resolves existing issues and focuses on particular concerns, it does not deal with the possible underlying causes of mental health conditions, such as a dissatisfied youth.
How to find a CBT therapist.
You can get psychological therapies, including CBT, on the NHS.
You can refer yourself directly to an NHS psychological therapies service (IAPT) without a referral from a GP.
Find an NHS psychological treatments service (IAPT).
Or your GP can refer you if you prefer.
If you can afford it, you can choose to pay for your therapy independently. The expense of personal therapy sessions differs, however it’s normally ₤ 40 to ₤ 100 per session.
The British Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP) keeps a register of all certified therapists in the UK and The British Psychological Society (BPS) has a directory of chartered psychologists, a few of whom specialise in CBT.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Online therapy
- CBT for OCD
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy children
- Therapy depression
- Marriage counselling
- Contact us