Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can assist you manage your issues by altering the method you think and behave.
It’s most frequently used to treat anxiety and depression, however can be useful for other psychological and physical health problems.
How CBT works.
CBT is based upon the concept that your thoughts, sensations, physical feelings and actions are adjoined, which negative ideas and feelings can trap you in a vicious circle.
CBT intends to assist you deal with overwhelming problems in a more positive way by breaking them down into smaller parts.
You’re shown how to change these negative patterns to enhance the way you feel.
Unlike some other talking treatments, CBT deals with your present issues, instead of concentrating on issues from your past.
It tries to find useful methods to improve your mindset on a daily basis.
Uses for CBT.
CBT has been revealed to be an efficient way of treating a variety of different mental health conditions.
In addition to anxiety or anxiety disorders, CBT can also assist individuals with:.
- bipolar disorder.
- borderline personality disorder.
- eating disorders– such as anorexia and bulimia.
- obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
- panic attack.
- trauma (PTSD).
- sleep problems– such as insomnia.
- problems associated with alcohol abuse.
CBT is also in some cases used to treat individuals with long-term health conditions, such as:.
- irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
- fatigue syndrome (CFS).
Although CBT can not cure the physical symptoms of these conditions, it can help individuals cope better with their signs.
What happens during CBT sessions.
If CBT is recommended, you’ll usually have a session with a therapist once a week or when every 2 weeks.
The course of treatment usually lasts for between 5 and 20 sessions, with each session lasting 30 to 60 minutes.
During the sessions, you’ll work with your therapist to break down your issues into their different parts, such as your ideas, physical sensations and actions.
You and your therapist will analyse these areas to work out if they’re unhelpful or impractical, and to identify the effect they have on each other and on you.
Your therapist will then be able to help you exercise how to change unhelpful ideas and behaviours.
After working out what you can change, your therapist will ask you to practise these modifications in your every day life and you’ll go over how you got on throughout the next session.
The ultimate aim of therapy is to teach you to apply the skills you have actually found out throughout treatment to your daily life.
This should help you manage your problems and stop them having an unfavorable effect on your life, even after your course of treatment finishes.
Pros and cons of CBT.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can be as effective as medicine in treating some psychological health problems, however it may not be ideal or effective for everyone.
Some of the advantages of CBT consist of:.
- it may be handy in cases where medicine alone has actually not worked.
- it can be finished in a relatively short amount of time compared to other talking therapies.
- the highly structured nature of CBT means it can be provided in different formats, including in groups, self-help books and apps (you can find psychological health apps and tools in the NHS apps library).
- it teaches you practical and helpful strategies that can be utilized in everyday life, even after the treatment has completed.
Some of the disadvantages of CBT to think about consist of:.
- you need to dedicate yourself to the procedure to get the most from it– a therapist can help and encourage you, but they require your co-operation.
- going to routine CBT sessions and carrying out any extra work in between sessions can take up a great deal of your time.
- it might not appropriate for people with more complex mental health needs or finding out problems, as it needs structured sessions.
- it involves challenging your anxieties and emotions– you may experience initial durations where you’re nervous or mentally uncomfortable.
- it concentrates on the individual’s capacity to alter themselves (their behaviours, ideas and feelings)– this does not deal with any larger problems in systems or households that often have a significant impact on someone’s health and wellbeing.
Some critics likewise argue that because CBT just attends to current issues and focuses on particular problems, it does not address the possible underlying reasons for psychological health conditions, such as a dissatisfied youth.
How to discover a CBT therapist.
You can get mental treatments, consisting of CBT, on the NHS.
You can refer yourself directly to an NHS psychological treatments service (IAPT) without a referral from a GP.
Discover an NHS mental treatments service (IAPT).
If you prefer, or your GP can refer you.
If you can manage it, you can choose to pay for your therapy privately. The cost of personal therapy sessions varies, however it’s usually ₤ 40 to ₤ 100 per session.
The British Association for Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapies (BABCP) keeps a register of all certified therapists in the UK and The British Psychological Society (BPS) has a directory site of chartered psychologists, a few of whom specialise in CBT.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Online therapy
- CBT for OCD
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy children
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